Bulgaria has a tradition in vine and wine making of thousands years; all over the country you can find out wines reflecting the culture of its people and of the land. The country is divided in five wine zones and two wine regions that produce wines with Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) while there are 55 Protected Designations of Origin (PDO). There are also more than than 25 white of red grape varieties (international and indigenous), related to quality wines under PDO and / or PGI.
This region is characterized by a temperate continental climate with hot summers and a large amount of sunny days. It covers the central and western part of the Danube plain, the southern bank of the Danube and its adjacent areas.
White grape varieties: Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat Ottonel, Chardonnay, Traminer, Dimyat, Muscat red, Riesling Rhine, Tamianka, Pinot Gris, Ugni Blanc, Italian Riesling, Rkatsiteli, Aligote, Viognier, Furmint, hárslevelű, Sungurlarska Muscat, Varna Muscat, Muscat Markov silvaner, Mueller Tyurgao, Kaylashka Muscat, Chenin Blanc, Roussanne, Colombard and so on.
White wines have complex aromas with dominant citrus and nuances of herbs, fresh grass and wild flowers. The taste is fresh, with balanced acidity and harmonious with long lasting aftertaste.
Red grape varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Gamay, Pamid, Bouquet, Syrah, Rubin, Cinsaut, Evmolpia Grenache, Hebros, Alicante Bouchet, Grand Noir, Gamza, Carmenere, Petit Verdot, Malbec, Grenache and others.
The aroma reminiscent of rosé red berries and stone fruits. The taste is ethereal, plump, with elements of blackberry and ripe cherry. The aroma of red wine combines black and red berries, plums, spices, vanilla and walnuts. The taste is characterized by soft tannins - balanced, juicy fruit with freshness.
The climate is temperate continental with good distribution of rainfall throughout the growing season. It includes central parts of the Thracian lowlands and parts of Sakar. The climatic conditions of the region, protected from harsh north winds, favor the production of rich, thick, memorable wines of the "Cabernet Sauvignon" and "Mavrud." Best wines of the local "Mavrud" is highly appreciated because they combine the aroma and taste of red berries, spices and herbs.
White: Muscat Ottonel, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminer, Muscat red, Rhine Riesling, Tamianka, Pinot Gris, Ugni Blanc, Italian Riesling, Aligote, Viognier, Semion, silvaner and others.
The white wines are alive, deep golden color with greenish hues. The aroma is intense, multi-faceted, evolving in the glass and production sweetness combined with colors. The palate is full-bodied, balanced and harmonious, with a distinctive fruitiness.
Red: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Mavrud, Pinot Noir, Gamay, Wide Melnik Vine, Pamid, Bouquet Shevka, Syrah, Rubin Evmolpia Melnik 1300 Melnik 82, Grenache, Plovdiv Malaga Cinsaut, Alicante Bouchet, Petit Verdot and others. Roseto has an elegant aroma of red berries with accents of wild strawberry and cherry. The taste is intense fruity flavor. It is a complex, juicy, with pleasant freshness and aftertaste.
The red wines are lively, sparkling, tight ruby color with garnet hues. The aroma has a strong characteristic fruity shades of red and black fruit - cherry, cherry, blackberry, plum with discrete accents of red peppers, spices and chocolate. Rich taste with well-balanced tannins and ripe roundness.
Black Sea region
Here are about 30% of country’s vineyards.Autumn is warm and long, which is very favorable for the accumulation of enough sugars for the production of fine white semi-dry wines. In this region are concentrated around 53% of white grapes including Smokin '"," Riesling "," Ugni Blanc "," Muscat Ottonel "," Traminer "," Sauvignon Blanc ", which here gives excellent quality grapes. In this region produces some of the best of country’s dry and semi-dry wines that combine the pleasant fruity aroma, rich taste and elegant freshness.
UnderBalkan region extends south of the Balkan Mountains and has two sub-regions - East and West. On the southern slopes of the Balkan Mountains and the valley between her and forest Average grown mainly varieties "Red Muscat", "Riesling", "Rkatsiteli", "Cabernet Sauvignon" and "Merlot". We produce mainly white dry and semi-dry wines, less red and flavored wines. The wines have a distinctive pleasant aroma, fresh and harmonious taste. These local variety "Red Muscat" is one of the best representatives of white wine at home and feature rich aroma, elegant body and soft, lingering aftertaste.
The Struma Valley
This region includes the southwestern parts of the country. Size is not large, but has specific climatic characteristics approaching him to Mediterranean areas. In the valley of the Struma River are cultivated local variety "Wide Melnik Vine", "Cabernet Sauvignon" and "Merlot". The resulting wines are characterized by warm southern tones in the aroma, fullness of taste and wealth of general impressions. Of particular interest are the fault of variety "Wide Melnik Vine", which are rich enough volume and aging acquire exotic and very pleasant nuances in taste.